[ The best answer for correct pad placement on an adult cardiac arrest victim: Place one pad on upper right side of chest and other on left lower outer chest ...
The scene is safe, you’ve turned on the AED and it prompts you to attach the pads. Choose the best answer for correct pad placement on a 10-year-old child cardiac arrest victim.
Duration: 4:19Posted: Aug 25, 2011
In this lesson, you'll learn how to use an AED on a child in cardiac arrest. The methods of defibrillating a child are basically the same as defibrillating an adult. One important distinction involves AED pad size. AED pads come in an adult size and a pediatric size, for patients less than 55 pounds or roughly 25 kilograms. Pro Tip #1: If you do not have pediatric pads and the patient is less than 55 pounds, use the adult pads. It's far better to use the wrong size pads than it is to forego using an AED. Remember, when using an AED, there are a couple of important things to keep in mind as it relates to your surroundings and scene safety. Are there combustible gases or liquids at the scene? Are there any liquids that could connect the victim with yourself, the responder, or someone else, that could result in electrocution? If for some reason the scene isn't safe enough to use an AED, drag or move the patient to a safer area where you won't have to worry about explosives or electrocution from water and then use the AED. How to Provide Care Just like the Adult AED lesson, let's assume a few things: The scene is safe, and your gloves are on 911 has been called Someone has brought you an AED The victim is already in cardiac arrest CPR is already in progress Remember, when it comes to AEDs, they supply their own instructions after you turn them on. If ever confused, simply follow the prompts as the AED gives them. AED Technique for Children (55+ pounds) Pro Tip #2: How do you know what the victim weighs? Easy, you guess. If it's even close, you'll probably be fine using adult pads. However, be aware that pad placement will be different for victims under 55 pounds, which you'll learn in the next lesson – Infant AED. Warning: Cutting off clothing is better than removing as the victim could have a spinal injury which could be made worse by moving them. Turn on the AED. Remove the patient's clothing to reveal a bare chest and dry the chest off if it's wet. (Remember, AEDs will typically include a pair of scissors somewhere on the unit.) Attach the AED pads to the victim's chest. The pads should have a diagram on placement if you need help. The first pad goes on the top right side of the chest. The second pad goes on the bottom left side of the victim's side, under the left breast. Make sure they adhere well. Plug the cable into the AED and be sure no one is touching the victim. The AED should now be charging and analyzing the rhythm of the child's heart. If the scene is clear and no one is touching the victim, push the discharge button to deliver a shock. Then go right back into CPR. It's OK to perform CPR over the pads, so don't worry about moving them. Perform 30 chest compressions. Grab the rescue shield and place it over the victim's mouth and nose. Lift the victim's chin and tilt his or her head back slightly. Deliver two rescue breaths. Pro Tip #3: You want to minimize compression interruptions. Don't delay or interrupt compressions any longer than absolutely necessary and this includes after a shock is delivered. Go right back into your compressions. Continue with CPR until the AED interrupts you. At some point, it will reanalyze the victim's heart rhythm and again advise you on what to do next. If the AED advises a shock, do that. If it advises you to NOT shock the victim, continue with CPR only, again over the pads. (The AED will continue to reanalyze.) Pro Tip #4: Don't remove the pads and/or turn off the AED, even if it advises you to NOT shock the victim. It's still monitoring the victim and may have different instructions for you at some point. Continue this cycle of CPR, re-analyzation, charging, shock, back into CPR until EMS arrives, the patient is responsive and breathing normally, or someone who's equally trained or better can relieve you. A Few AED Precautions When using an AED, there are several precautions to keep in mind. Some of these may be obvious (and a repeat of what you've already learned in this course), while others may not be. Since alcohol is flammable, do not use anything with alcohol on it to wipe the patient's chest or back dry. While it's OK to use adult pads on a child, the reverse isn't entirely true, as pediatric pads may not deliver enough energy to defibrillate the victim. Do not touch the victim while the AED is conducting an analysis, as this may affect the analyzation process. Before delivering an AED shock, make sure no one is touching the victim or any of the resuscitation equipment. Do not use an AED if there are flammable or combustible materials or gases present, including free-flowing oxygen. Do not operate an AED inside a moving vehicle, as the movement can affect analysis. Do not use an AED if the victim is in contact with free-standing water or in the rain. Move them first. Do not place AED pads on top of any patches or implantable devices. Remove patches first and adjust the pads as necessary to avoid devices, like a pacemaker.
Duration: 5:33Posted: Dec 14, 2010
The methods of defibrillating a child are basically the same as defibrillating an adult. One important distinction involves AED pad size. AED pads come in an adult size and a pediatric size, for patie
Automated external defibrillators can help save lives during sudden cardiac arrest. ... prompts. 3Remove clothing and attach pads correctly. Remove all clothing ...
Learn how to use an AED the right way. Review our AED steps – and find out how easy it can be to save a life by using an automated external defibrillator.
Missing: scene ve answer
Attach the pads to the victim's bare chest. For adults and children (8 years or older) you will use adult size pads. Placement of A.E.D. Pads: One pad will ...
When you take a CPR certification course (or re-certify) you have to demonstrate proper usage on how to use A.E.D. device. An A.E.D. device is an external defibrillator that will deliver an electri…
Oct 13, 2020 · AED Pad Placement 101 · Peel the pads off the backing. · Place one pad on the right side of the chest, just below the collarbone. · Place the other ...
Bystanders can give sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) victims the best chance of survival by calling 911 and providing early CPR and AED use.
The scene is safe, you've turned on the AED and it prompts you to attach the pads. Choose the best answer for correct pad placement on a 10-year-old child ...
You must receive a score of 70% or better to pass the test. You have unlimited test attempts.
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An AED (Automated External Defibrillator) is a portable electronic device that analyzes the rhythm of the heart and delivers an electrical shock, known as defibrillation, which helps the heart re-establish an effective rhythm.
Warning: When using an AED, there are a couple of important things to keep in mind as it relates to your surroundings.
- Are there combustible gases or liquids at the scene?
- Are there any liquids that could connect the victim with yourself, the responder, or someone else, that could result in electrocution?
Pro Tip #1: If the scene isn't safe enough to use an AED, drag or move the patient to a safer area where you won't have to worry about explosives or electrocution from any water first, then use the AED.
These are two important considerations before using an AED, but there are a few other things to note when defibrillating an adult patient.
- If the victim is female and wearing an underwire bra, it shouldn't present any complications. However, if it is a concern, you can disconnect it and remove it from the pathway to the heart.
- Necklaces should be moved to the side
- Any patches – nicotine, analgesic, nitro gel, etc. – should be removed if they are in the way of the pads
- Piercings shouldn't cause any problems
- It's OK if the victim or the victim's clothing is wet, as long as the chest area is dry and you or the victim aren't submerged in water or connected by it
- There are no special considerations for pregnant women
Pro Tip #2: It's OK to be just as aggressive with a pregnant woman as you would any other patient. The primary focus should be on the mother, as saving her will also help save the baby. The care you provide to the mother won't put the baby in any more jeopardy.
How to Provide Care
As always, the first thing you want to do is make sure the scene is safe and that your gloves are on. Make sure you have your rescue mask with a one-way valve handy and begin calling out to the victim to assess whether or not he or she is responsive.
Are you OK? Can you hear me?
If you don't get an initial response, place your hand on the victim's forehead and tap on his or her collarbone. If you still do not get a response, proceed with the following steps.
- Call 911 and activate EMS or call in a code if you're in a healthcare setting. If there is a bystander nearby, you can ask for their help – calling 911, locating an AED, etc. In the event that you do not know how to proceed, call 911 on your cell phone, put it on speaker, and follow their instructions.
- Continue to assess the victim's responsiveness and vital signs – signs of breathing normally, signs of a pulse, etc.
- Check for the carotid pulse, located between the trachea and sternocleidomastoid muscle, in the valley between these two structures. Use the flat parts of your index and middle fingers and press with moderate force in that valley. Spend no more than 10 seconds looking for a pulse.
- If you've determined at this point that the victim is unresponsive, not breathing normally, and has no pulse, continue immediately with your AED.
AED Technique for Adults
- Turn on the AED.
- Remove the patient's clothing to reveal a bare chest and dry the chest off if it's wet.
- Attach the AED pads to the patient's chest. The pads should have a diagram on placement if you need a reminder. The first pad goes on the top right side of the chest. The second pad goes on the bottom left side mid axillary, under the left breast. Make sure they adhere well.
- Plug the cable into the AED and be sure no one is touching the patient, including yourself. The AED should now be charging and analyzing the rhythm of the patient's heart.
- If the scene is clear and no one is touching the patient, push the flashing shock button. Then go right into CPR. It's OK to perform CPR over the pads, so don't worry about moving them.
- Stand or kneel directly over the patient's chest. Lock your elbows and use only your upper body weight to supply the force for the chest compressions, and count as you perform them.
- Conduct compressions that go 2-2.4 inches deep (or 1/3 the depth of the victim's chest) and at a rate of between 100 and 120 compressions per minute, which amounts to two compressions per second.
- Perform 30 chest compressions.
- Grab the rescue mask and seal it over the victim's face and nose.
- Lift the victim's chin and tilt his or her head back.
- Breathe into the rescue mask and wait for the chest to rise and fall before administering the next breath.
- After one round of CPR, let the AED analyze the patient again. If the AED advises you to perform another shock, make sure no one is touching the patient and press the shock button.
- Go right back into CPR.
Continue this cycle of CPR, re-analyzation, charging, shock, back into CPR until help arrives, the patient is responsive and breathing normally, or the next level of care takes over.
A Word About Abnormal Heart Rhythms
The most common abnormal heart rhythm that causes cardiac arrest is known as ventricular fibrillation, or V-fib, for short. When in V-fib, the patient's heart ventricles fibrillate, or quiver, without any organized rhythm. Electrical impulses fire randomly, which prevents the heart from pumping and circulating blood.
Another less common and less life-threatening abnormal heart rhythm is called ventricular tachycardia, or V-tach, for short. In V-tach, the heart is controlled by an abnormal electrical impulse that fires too fast for the heart's chambers to completely fill, which disrupts the heart's ability to pump and circulate blood.
Both V-fib and V-tach typically result in no pulse and no normal breathing.
The first pad goes on the top right side of the chest. The second pad goes on the bottom left side of the victim's side, under the left breast. Make sure they adhere well.What is the proper location to attach AED pads on a child? ›
- Apply one pad on the upper right chest above the breast. For infants, apply on the front of the chest.
- Apply the second pad on the lower left chest below the armpit. For infants, apply a second pad to the back (Figure 12e).
Place one pad on the right side of the chest, just below the collarbone. Place the other pad on the lower left side of the chest. Connect the pads to the AED.Where are AED pads placed on a child over 8? ›
Where should AED pads be placed in the anteroposterior placement for adults and 8 years and older? Anterior-posterior (AP) pad placement is when the AED pads are placed on the chest, one on the right side and one on the left side. This position is often used for adults and children over the age of eight.Where should you place the AED pads on a small child victim quizlet? ›
Where should you place the AED pads if the victim is a small child? One in the center of the back and one over the center of the chest.Where should AED pads be placed in the anterolateral placement for child quizlet? ›
With the anterolateral placement, both AED pads will be placed on the victim's bare chest. ~ Place one pad directly below the right collar bone. ~ Place the other pad to the side of the left nipple, with the top edge of the pad a few inches below the armpit.Where do you attach the AED? ›
This type of defibrillator pad placement is when one AED pad is placed on the right side of the chest (just below the collarbone) while the other pad is put on the lower left side of the chest. One great thing about AED electrode pads is that the pads have graphics on them that show you where to place them on the body.Where are the best places to put an AED? ›
AED's should be near a phone for calling 911. AED's should be centrally located within the highest risk and most concentrated population area and near trained rescuers. AED's should be placed near high risk areas. AED's should be placed well within 3 minutes of anywhere within the facility.Where should AED be mounted? ›
AEDs should be readily accessible to all employees and to the public and should be within reach of wheelchair-bound individuals. Your AED cabinet should be mounted in an unobstructed area, 48 inches above the floor, to ensure that anyone can access it in the event of an emergency.What are 3 AED considerations when applying the pads? ›
- Do not use an AED near flammable or combustible materials (e.g. gasoline).
- It is safe to use an AED when the person is lying on a metal surface, but don't allow the AED pads to contact the metal surface.
- Do not use an AED if the person is in or near water.
Some of these situations could be if the patient has a hairy chest, the individual is found in water, the victim has a pacemaker or implantable defibrillator, or the casualty has a medication patch on their chest.Where do AED pads go on adults and children? ›
AED Pads come with instructions that are intended to make their use as easy and simple to understand as possible. Both pads should be placed on the front of the chest, with one pad above the right nipple and the other pad placed on the left side, below the chest.When using an AED on an adult or child over 8? ›
Adult and Pediatric Pads for AEDs:
You can use adult pads for children 8 years and older. You can use adult pads for a child less than 8 years, but you may have to apply them differently than shown on the pads: apply one on the front of the chest, the other on the back, so they do not touch.
- 1Complete the CHECK and CALL steps.
- 2As soon as an AED is available, turn it on and follow the voice prompts.
- 3Remove clothing and attach pads correctly.
- 4Plug the pad connector cable into the AED, if necessary.
- 5Prepare to let the AED analyze the heart's rhythm.
Place one pad on the upper right chest above the breast or on the infant's upper left chest. Place the second pad on the lower left chest below the armpit or on the infant's back. If pads will touch on the chest of an infant, apply one pad on the anterior chest and another pad on the posterior of the infant instead.Where do you check the pulse on a 10 year old child give the name of the artery? ›
Taking a Child's Pulse
The best spot to feel the pulse in a child is the wrist, called the radial pulse. Gently feel on the inside of the wrist on the thumb side. If you can't easily find the pulse on the wrist, you can try the neck, which has the carotid pulse.
While performing CPR on an infant, another rescuer appears on the scene, what do you do next? Where should you place the AED pads when treating an infant for pediatric cardiac arrest? Place pads on the chest and back on an infant.